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Application of blockchain technology for agrifood supply chain management: a systematic literature review on benefits and challenges

Ayushi Srivastava (Centre for Rural Development and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, India)
Kavya Dashora (Centre for Rural Development and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, India)

Benchmarking: An International Journal

ISSN: 1463-5771

Article publication date: 7 January 2022

Issue publication date: 29 November 2022

900

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to explore and analyze the application of blockchain technology (BKCT) in agrifood supply chain management (AFSM).

Design/methodology/approach

A systematic literature review (SLR) using Scopus, Emerald and Web of Science covering publications from 2016 to 2021 (till June). Out of 429 papers, 89 papers were shortlisted from journals based on citation analysis. The citation analysis was followed by a content analysis was for an in-depth analysis.

Findings

Regarding the application of BKCT in the agrifood supply chain, the study highlights the issue of food safety, traceability, transparency, eliminating intermediaries and integrating Internet of things (IoT) with BKCT as prominent applications in the agrifood sector. The study also uses the case of honey supply chain to use the explored applications in the agrifood sector and provides a traceability solution based on blockchain integrated with IoT. The challenges of BKCT as identified in the study are scalability, privacy, security, lack of regulations and lack of skills and training.

Research limitations/implications

The review considers only academic papers obtained from specific databases with their relevance based on number of citations.

Originality/value

The study contributes to filling the existing research gap through this SLR on the application of BKCT in AFSCM. The content analysis further assists in exploring the benefits and challenges of BKCT in the agrifood sector. Thus, the academic articles selected aid in this process.

Keywords

Citation

Srivastava, A. and Dashora, K. (2022), "Application of blockchain technology for agrifood supply chain management: a systematic literature review on benefits and challenges", Benchmarking: An International Journal, Vol. 29 No. 10, pp. 3426-3442. https://doi.org/10.1108/BIJ-08-2021-0495

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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