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Road map for the implementation of green manufacturing practices in Indian manufacturing industries: An ISM approach

Abhijeet K. Digalwar (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani, Pilani, India)
Nidhi Mundra (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani, Pilani, India)
Ashok R. Tagalpallewar (SIES Graduate School of Technology, Mumbai, India)
Vivek K. Sunnapwar (Lokmanya Tilak College of Engineering, Mumbai, India)

Benchmarking: An International Journal

ISSN: 1463-5771

Article publication date: 3 July 2017




Green manufacturing (GM) has received growing attention in the last few years. As today’s business environment is highly competitive, dynamic and volatile in nature, GM is seen as the winning strategy to be adopted by manufacturers. In this scenario, successful implementation of GM by manufacturers can give them an edge over their competitors. The purpose of this paper is to identify and develop the structural relationship among different factors for the successful implementation of GM.


A questionnaire-based survey and interpretive structural modeling (ISM) approach has been applied in this study. In this research, 12 factors have been identified, such as top management commitment, supplier and materials management, green product and process design, employee training and empowerment, etc. On the basis of survey results and opinions of experts from industry and academia, a structural relationship model has been developed through an ISM approach.


Top management commitment has the highest driving power for the implementation of GM. Effective implementation of GM will improve organization performance in terms of product cost and quality. For effective implementation of GM, management should not ignore development of people, product and processes.

Practical implications

The developed model will be useful to managers, decision makers and practitioners of GM in prioritizing their resources more effectively.


Critical success factor play a pivotal role for the assessment and implementation of GM practices. Identification of key success factors and their mutual relationship can help in implementation of GM practices in various organizations. It is probably one of the leading attempts to provide road map to the implementation of GM practices in Indian manufacturing industries.



The authors would like to acknowledge the reviewers for their constructive and helpful comments. The authors would also like to acknowledge the University Grants Commission, New Delhi for supporting the research work.


Digalwar, A.K., Mundra, N., Tagalpallewar, A.R. and Sunnapwar, V.K. (2017), "Road map for the implementation of green manufacturing practices in Indian manufacturing industries: An ISM approach", Benchmarking: An International Journal, Vol. 24 No. 5, pp. 1386-1399.



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