A methodology for analyzing shipyard supply chains and supplier selection

Nikolaos Vlachakis (Department of Industrial Management and Technology, University of Piraeus, Piraeus, Greece)
Athanassios Mihiotis (School of Social Sciences, Hellenic Open University, Patras, Greece)
Costas P Pappis (Department of Industrial Management and Technology, University of Piraeus, Piraeus, Greece)
Ioannis N Lagoudis (MIT Global SCALE Network, Malaysia Institute for Supply Chain Innovation, Shah Alam, Malaysia and University of Aegean, Department of Shipping Trade and Transport, Chios Island, Greece)

Benchmarking: An International Journal

ISSN: 1463-5771

Publication date: 7 March 2016



The purpose of this paper is to focus on shipyard supply chains in order to identify the processes that take place and evaluate the risks associated with suppliers.


For this analysis two methodologies are applied. The first is the understand, document, simplify, optimize, where the first two steps are used for analysing the processes and the documentation of the best practices, which take place in the daily operations. The second tool is Kraljic’s matrix, which is applied for the identification of supplier selection and associated risks.


The analysis shows that strategic co-operations between shipyards suppliers are essential for improved supply chain performance since supplier improvement in terms of lead times and product quality are achieved. It is also seen that the shipyard supply chain performance can be improved by adjusting the best practices to the needs dictated each time by the project’s specifications.

Practical implications

The findings provide valuable insights for practitioners, as well as academicians, policy makers and also integrate supplier selection under the supply chain. Managers can acquire reliable information about those suppliers who exhibit best practice.


A number of key processes and best practices have been identified, which are essential for the upstream and downstream coordination of the shipyard supply chain. The present work is an approach to evaluating the risks associated with the shipyard’s suppliers and assists in benchmarking their risk profile.



Vlachakis, N., Mihiotis, A., Pappis, C. and Lagoudis, I. (2016), "A methodology for analyzing shipyard supply chains and supplier selection", Benchmarking: An International Journal, Vol. 23 No. 2, pp. 443-455. https://doi.org/10.1108/BIJ-08-2013-0082

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