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The internet of things in the food supply chain: adoption challenges

Ammar Mohamed Aamer (College of Professional Studies, Northeastern University, Toronto, Canada)
Mohammed Ali Al-Awlaqi (Lebanese International University-Yemen Sana'a Campus, Sana'a, Yemen)
Ifadhila Affia (Sampoerna University, Jakarta, Indonesia)
Silvia Arumsari (Sampoerna University, Jakarta, Indonesia)
Nabeel Mandahawi (Humber College Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning, Toronto, Canada)

Benchmarking: An International Journal

ISSN: 1463-5771

Article publication date: 17 February 2021

Issue publication date: 7 October 2021




The food supply chain (FSC) challenges coupled with global disruptions, such as the recent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic outbreak, exacerbate its vulnerability. The Internet of things (IoT) is one of the disruptive technologies being adopted in food supply chain management (FSCM). This study aims to address the challenges of IoT adoption in the FSC by systematically analyzing the prior pertinent literature.


A structured literature review was used to collate a list of peer-reviewed and relevant publications. A total of 72 out of 210 articles were selected for the final evaluation.


The literature review findings suggest five themes: technical, financial, social, operational, educational and governmental related challenges. A total of 15 challenges were devised from the review related literature of IoT adoption. The study concludes with future research recommendations for scholars and practical implications for practitioners.

Research limitations/implications

While this study focuses on the overall FSC, further research should address other domains in the FSC such as cold supply chain, agriculture and perishable food to gain a better contextual understanding of the specific case.


The topic of IoT adoption in the FSCM is still considered emerging. Therefore, the present work contributes to the limited studies and documentation on the level of IoT implementation in the FSCM. This study should help organizations to assimilate how to adopt and manage the IoT application by addressing the factors and challenges presented in this research.



Aamer, A.M., Al-Awlaqi, M.A., Affia, I., Arumsari, S. and Mandahawi, N. (2021), "The internet of things in the food supply chain: adoption challenges", Benchmarking: An International Journal, Vol. 28 No. 8, pp. 2521-2541.



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