The purpose of this paper is to analyze and understand the condition that lead to a constitution’s path of Brazilian Science Parks, in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, and consequently to propose a new dimension of analysis to the Triple Helix.
A qualitative approach was used to elaborate a descriptive and exploratory research design, where a case study method was applied on six science parks.
The use of the Triple Helix model could not explain the Brazilian Science Park development realities. A new element, related to the innovation model, was considered as a determinant in the constitution of the Brazilian parks, and is represented as the community leadership category, as the Fourth Helix.
Since it is a qualitative study, the results obtained have a strong relation with the local, cultural and historically constructed contexts. Bias from the researchers’ subjectivity in the data collection procedures is present, although the validity and reliability measures were performed.
The construction of designed and implemented specific “fertile models,” which are capable of developing the necessary conditions for the constitution and the consolidation of science parks in Brazil.
Such empirical contribution comes from data referring to spontaneous and endogenous local community development movements.
The identification of a new element of the Triple Helix innovation model is represented as the community leadership category and is considered as a key determinant in the constitution of the Brazilian Science Parks.
Bencke, F.F., Dorion, E.C.H., Prodanov, C.C. and Olea, P.M. (2020), "Community leadership and the Triple Helix model as determinants of the constitution of science parks: A Brazilian experience", Benchmarking: An International Journal, Vol. 27 No. 1, pp. 21-40. https://doi.org/10.1108/BIJ-07-2018-0225
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