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Community leadership and the Triple Helix model as determinants of the constitution of science parks: A Brazilian experience

Fernando Fantoni Bencke (Universidade do Oeste de Santa Catarina, Chapecó, Brazil)
Eric Charles Henri Dorion (École de Technologie Supérieure de Montréal, Montréal, Canada)
Cleber Cristiano Prodanov (Universidade Feevale, Novo Hamburgo, Brazil)
Pelayo Munhoz Olea (Municipality of Caxias do Sul, Caxias do Sul, Brazil)

Benchmarking: An International Journal

ISSN: 1463-5771

Article publication date: 30 July 2019

Issue publication date: 23 January 2020

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze and understand the condition that lead to a constitution’s path of Brazilian Science Parks, in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, and consequently to propose a new dimension of analysis to the Triple Helix.

Design/methodology/approach

A qualitative approach was used to elaborate a descriptive and exploratory research design, where a case study method was applied on six science parks.

Findings

The use of the Triple Helix model could not explain the Brazilian Science Park development realities. A new element, related to the innovation model, was considered as a determinant in the constitution of the Brazilian parks, and is represented as the community leadership category, as the Fourth Helix.

Research limitations/implications

Since it is a qualitative study, the results obtained have a strong relation with the local, cultural and historically constructed contexts. Bias from the researchers’ subjectivity in the data collection procedures is present, although the validity and reliability measures were performed.

Practical implications

The construction of designed and implemented specific “fertile models,” which are capable of developing the necessary conditions for the constitution and the consolidation of science parks in Brazil.

Social implications

Such empirical contribution comes from data referring to spontaneous and endogenous local community development movements.

Originality/value

The identification of a new element of the Triple Helix innovation model is represented as the community leadership category and is considered as a key determinant in the constitution of the Brazilian Science Parks.

Keywords

Citation

Bencke, F.F., Dorion, E.C.H., Prodanov, C.C. and Olea, P.M. (2020), "Community leadership and the Triple Helix model as determinants of the constitution of science parks: A Brazilian experience", Benchmarking: An International Journal, Vol. 27 No. 1, pp. 21-40. https://doi.org/10.1108/BIJ-07-2018-0225

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited