Skill development research in India: a systematic literature review and future research agenda

Clement Cabral (Department of Management Studies, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India)
Rajib Lochan Dhar (Department of Management Studies, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India)

Benchmarking: An International Journal

ISSN: 1463-5771

Publication date: 24 June 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to conduct an in-depth analysis of the literature and provide new insights on skill development research in India. Objectives in the study are twofold. First is to conduct descriptive analysis in terms of structural dimensions such as geographical context, focus on skill development, research methods, economic sector, type of training and origin of the study. The second objective is to conduct thematic analysis on importance of skill development, institutional and regulatory mechanisms, skill development as an antecedent for technology adoption, role of skill development in women empowerment, integrating skill development with secondary education and labour market reforms for skill development.

Design/methodology/approach

Systematic literature review method is employed to review 45 articles on skill development research in India conducted between 2004 and 2017.

Findings

The review discusses about the importance of skill development, the role of institutions such as NSDA and PMKVJ, skill development as a necessity in the advent of technological changes, an effective measure to empower women in the country and the need of integrating skill development with secondary education. Labour market reforms are required to overcome challenges such as mismatch between theory and practice, low quality of skills assimilated, the mismatch between demand and supply of skilled labour force, low level of in-house training, low cooperation from students and employees due to lack of incentives and lack of qualified teachers.

Originality/value

This study is the first to offer a systematic literature review on skill development. The study provides insights into the concept of skill development, specifically for academicians to carry out research in a niche area and for government authorities in policy formulation.

Keywords

Citation

Cabral, C. and Dhar, R. (2019), "Skill development research in India: a systematic literature review and future research agenda", Benchmarking: An International Journal, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/BIJ-07-2018-0211

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Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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