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Exploring antecedents of extended supply chain performance measures: An insight from Indian green manufacturing practices

Rameshwar Dubey (Department of Operations Management, Symbiosis International University, Nashik, India)
Sadia Samar Ali (New Delhi Institute of Management, New Delhi, India)

Benchmarking: An International Journal

ISSN: 1463-5771

Article publication date: 6 July 2015



The purpose of this paper is to explore the antecedents of Indian firms practicing green manufacturing practices and their impact on extended supply chain performance.


In this paper the authors have adopted systematic literature review (SLR) to derive research objectives and questions. In order to answer research questions the authors have proposed a theoretical framework and derived research hypotheses. The authors identified constructs and items through extant literatures and developed a structured questionnaire which was pretested before using for final survey. The data were collected in two phases and also performed wave analysis to check non-response bias to avoid any significant impact of non-response bias on statistical analysis. The data has been used to conduct exploratory factor analysis using varimax rotation which reduces variables into five parsimonious and orthogonal factors. The factor analysis output was further used as an input of regression analysis.


The factor analysis output has further validated the findings from literature review. The factor analysis output suggests that total quality management (TQM), supplier relationship management (SRM), R & D and technology and lean manufacturing practices are important determinants of Indian firms practicing green manufacturing practices which impact extended supply chain performance. The regression analysis output has further established that TQM and R & D and technology are strong determinants of extended supply chain performance. However, present study does not support SRM and lean manufacturing practices from respondent’s perspective. However, it further needs to be explored.

Research limitations/implications

The present study is limited to medium-sized manufacturing firms. Second, the conclusive model explains only 31.9 percent of the total extended supply chain performance. The study provides an insight to managers that those companies which have implemented TQM and green technology have realized superior performance in comparison to those which have not successfully implemented.


The present study is toward understanding Indian green manufacturing practices.



The authors are extremely grateful to Professor Angappa Gunasekaran, three referees for their structured and valuable comments, managing editor Sophie Barr and Emerald publishing team for their excellent support and cooperation in enhancing quality of paper. The authors are equally grateful to the respondents who participated in the survey.


Dubey, R. and Ali, S.S. (2015), "Exploring antecedents of extended supply chain performance measures: An insight from Indian green manufacturing practices", Benchmarking: An International Journal, Vol. 22 No. 5, pp. 752-772.



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