Implementing the international benchmarking labour productivity theoretical model

Parviz Ghoddousi and (Department of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran)
Behzad T. Alizadeh (Department of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran)
M. Reza Hosseini (School of Natural and Built Environments, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia)
Nicholas Chileshe (School of Natural and Built Environments, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia)

Benchmarking: An International Journal

ISSN: 1463-5771

Publication date: 30 September 2014



Building upon the results of a critical review of previous studies, the purpose of this paper is to present a framework to enhance the reliability of the theoretical model for international benchmarking of labour productivity (TMIBLP) method for construction project activities. The next part of the paper presents the results of implementing the proposed framework for construction activities in the Iranian construction industry.


This paper draws upon a critical review of the literature to highlight the drawbacks of the previous studies concerning implementing TMIBLP within the construction industry. Identifying these shortcomings, the authors propose a framework for construction projects, which presents the procedure for deploying TMIBLP for construction activities in a reliable manner. The final section of the paper demonstrates the empirical implementation of the proposed framework within the Iranian construction industry.


The primary contributions of the paper include: identifying the drawbacks of previous studies within the construction context, the framework that would lead construction managers towards more reliable implementation of benchmarking for construction projects, and determining the baseline of erecting steel structures in a developing country.

Practical implications

A practical implementation of the TMIBLP method was presented to address the lack of research in Iran and to show the feasibility of using the framework developed. The authors investigated the daily labour productivity for the activity of structural steel erection for six projects in Tehran in order to determine the values of the baseline productivity for each project. Accordingly, the disruption index, performance ratio and project management index as the project benchmarks were calculated for all six projects.


Underlining the necessity of implementing methods such as TMIBLP, this study outlines the outcomes of the first study on the benchmarking of construction activities deploying the proposed framework and using the data on erecting steel structures from six construction projects in Iran. The discussions provide guidelines for construction project managers regarding benchmarking labour productivity. The paper concludes with suggestions for future research opportunities.



Ghoddousi and, P., T. Alizadeh, B., Reza Hosseini, M. and Chileshe, N. (2014), "Implementing the international benchmarking labour productivity theoretical model", Benchmarking: An International Journal, Vol. 21 No. 6, pp. 1041-1061.

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