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A sustainability assessment framework for cement industry – a case study

Kuldip Singh Sangwan (Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, Pilani, India)
Vikrant Bhakar (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, Pilani, India)
Abhijeet K. Digalwar (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, Pilani, India)

Benchmarking: An International Journal

ISSN: 1463-5771

Article publication date: 22 January 2019

Issue publication date: 22 February 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework and key performance indicators (KPIs) to assess the sustainability of the manufacturing organizations along the integrated supply chain.

Design/methodology/approach

A systematic literature review of existing peer-reviewed articles has been carried out to understand the strengths and weaknesses of current frameworks. A sustainability assessment framework has been proposed for the manufacturing sector. KPIs to assess sustainability performance of manufacturing organizations are identified. An empirical study is carried out for the cement industry to test the proposed framework and KPIs.

Findings

The existing frameworks on sustainability assessment lacks an integrated assessment consisting product life cycle, resources, critical factors (product, process and policy), KPIs and their interrelationship with sustainability dimensions. In total, 121 KPIs are identified for sustainability assessment of manufacturing organizations. The empirical study of the Indian cement industry identifies 52 KPIs (17 social, 15 economic and 20 environmental), which are classified into 13 factors using exploratory factor analysis.

Research limitations/implications

The proposed framework is tested for the cement sector. More studies are required to validate and refine the framework to make it generalized for the manufacturing sector.

Originality/value

This study has developed for the first time a close interrelation among life cycle engineering, resources, critical factors, KPIs and sustainability dimensions.

Keywords

Citation

Sangwan, K.S., Bhakar, V. and Digalwar, A.K. (2019), "A sustainability assessment framework for cement industry – a case study", Benchmarking: An International Journal, Vol. 26 No. 2, pp. 470-497. https://doi.org/10.1108/BIJ-01-2018-0021

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited