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Benchmarking of industrial park infrastructures in Germany

Gunter Festel (Department of Management, Technology and Economics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland and Faculty of Economics and Management, Technical University Berlin, Berlin, Germany and Festel Capital, Fuerigen, Switzerland)
Martin Würmseher (Department of Management, Technology, and Economics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland)

Benchmarking: An International Journal

ISSN: 1463-5771

Article publication date: 30 September 2014




The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the operational performance of industrial park infrastructures in Germany to find first indications for cost saving potentials.


Between 2006 and 2007, six chemical parks and chemical related industrial parks in Germany participated in a benchmarking study with focus on operation and maintenance of buildings, communication infrastructures and traffic infrastructures. Based on data analysis in combination with workshops, numerous key performance indicators were defined and calculated.


To compare the different complexities of the analysed infrastructures, the most important key performance indicators were adjusted using correction factors defined and verified during the workshops. This made a discussion based on comparable and comprehensible figures possible which increased the acceptance and applicability of the benchmarking methodology. The benchmarking results showed large differences in performance levels, indicating that there are significant cost saving potentials in some industrial parks.

Research limitations/implications

The comparability may remain limited due to the partly insufficient availability of data from the participants. Other limitations are due to the small number of investigated industrial parks and the focus of the benchmarking study on Germany.


The developed benchmark and best practice methodology is well suited to evaluate best practice in the field of industrial park infrastructures. It is important for industrial parks to understand the individual performance level and to adapt best practice in all areas.



Festel, G. and Würmseher, M. (2014), "Benchmarking of industrial park infrastructures in Germany", Benchmarking: An International Journal, Vol. 21 No. 6, pp. 854-883.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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