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The duration of global agri-food export competitiveness

Štefan Bojnec (Faculty of Management, University of Primorska, Koper, Slovenia)
Imre Fertő (Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Institute of Economics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary)

British Food Journal

ISSN: 0007-070X

Article publication date: 5 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the pattern, duration and country-level determinants of global agri-food export competitiveness of 23 major global agri-food trading countries.

Design/methodology/approach

A large panel data set is compiled to facilitate assessment of the pattern, duration and country-level determinants of global agri-food export competitiveness using a revealed comparative advantage index.

Findings

The results suggest that the duration of revealed comparative advantage is heterogeneous at the agri-food product level. Long-term survival rates as revealed by the comparative advantage indices are among the highest for the Netherlands, France, Belgium, the USA, Argentina and New Zealand. The level of economic development, the share of agricultural employment, subsidies to agriculture and differentiated consumer agri-food products increase the likelihood of failure in the duration of comparative advantage, while the abundance of agricultural land and export diversification reduce that likelihood.

Originality/value

The framework is conceptually innovative in how it models the likelihood of failure in the duration of comparative advantage and assesses implications. Export competitiveness is a crucial factor in long-term global farm business survival as it fosters opportunities for business prosperity on global markets.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This publication was generated as part of the COMPETE Project, Grant Agreement No. 312029 (www.compete-project.eu/), with the financial support from the European Community under the 7th Framework Programme. The authors gratefully acknowledge the useful suggestions and comments made by the two anonymous journal referees.

Citation

Bojnec, Š. and Fertő, I. (2017), "The duration of global agri-food export competitiveness", British Food Journal, Vol. 119 No. 6, pp. 1378-1393. https://doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-07-2016-0302

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited