National Food Security Act 2013 (NFSA) is a unique step taken by Indian government to fight against hunger and protect right of the people for food. With its peculiarities like the life cycle approach, women empowerment, consideration of vulnerable sections in society and proposed reforms in public distribution system (PDS), NFSA is a promising effort for food security in India. The purpose of this paper is to put forth various aspects of NFSA and to identify issues and challenges for its implementation in the light of Indian PDS.
Understanding the implications of NFSA, mapping the existing system of foodgrains distribution in India and analysing existing literature and secondary data available from assorted sources are the steps followed in this endeavour.
Limited resources and exponentially increasing population, lack of infrastructure, operational inefficiencies and poor performance of the PDS are the major hurdles in successful implementation of the proposed act. This study gives emphasis on the need of major reforms in procurement, storage, movement and distribution of foodgrains strategies.
This paper focusses mainly on the operational and strategic aspects of PDS and its implications on NFSA. There is a wide scope for future research on sustainability of the act through agricultural and biotechnological innovations, financial analysis and strategic aspects.
This study is an unique attempt of mapping and auditing of the entire complex value chain of the Indian PDS for implementation of NFSA. As NFSA is going to redefine the food security aspects, this pioneering work will be useful for researchers and policy makers working in this field in India and other developing countries.
This study is a part of the project sponsored by Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India. The information in this document reflects only the authors’ view and MHRD is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.
Tanksale, A. and Jha, J.K. (2015), "Implementing National Food Security Act in India: issues and challenges", British Food Journal, Vol. 117 No. 4, pp. 1315-1335. https://doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-07-2014-0239Download as .RIS
Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited