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Determinants for food service market segmentation and contemporary consumers’ behaviours amid the Covid-19 pandemic

Agnieszka Katarzyna Górka – Chowaniec (Department of Physical Culture and Tourism Management, Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education In Katowice, Katowice, Poland)
Tadeusz Sikora (Cracow University of Economics, Kraków, Poland)

British Food Journal

ISSN: 0007-070X

Article publication date: 15 September 2022

278

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to draw attention to consumers' behaviours which are changing on account of the COVID-19 pandemic, provide an understanding of the factors influencing these behaviours and emphasise their importance in building contemporary business models for the restaurant industry. The article is a case study of the Polish restaurant sector based on a comparison with the worldwide literature.

Design/methodology/approach

A study of the current literature on the subject pertaining to the issues discussed, an analysis of them, mainly by examining trade reports, with a special focus on the following databases (BDL GUS, CBOS, IGGP PKD) and foreign references, as well as Internet sources, using the systematic (structured) literature review (SLR) method. The authors searched the databases between May 2020 and May 2022, paying attention to the following keywords: COVID-19, consumer behaviours, food services, market segmentation, Poland.

Findings

The analysis allowed the authors to identify the most important factors influencing consumer behaviour under the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic. This in turn enabled them to verify a hypothesis concerning the significant impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on consumers’ behaviours on the food service market. Results from an analysis of trade reports and from a literature review confirm the hypothesis proposed, leading to the conclusion that the contemporary reality in Poland currently requires businesses to continuously monitor consumers’ behaviours in a turbulent and uncertain environment.

Research limitations/implications

The systematic identification of changes taking place in consumers’ behaviours will make it possible to adapt a portfolio of services to changes observed in this regard.

Practical implications

The analysis conducted by the authors in 2021 to examine trends in consumer behaviours proved that changes affecting their thinking were undoubtedly accelerated by the pandemic of a contagious disease – COVID-19.

Originality/value

Some consumer trends that appear to be a response to limits and restrictions may be observed for a longer period of time. Therefore, those restaurant owners who want to successfully go through the stage of adaptation to the new reality will have to focus, in the short term, on actions designed to identify their customers’ needs and expectations anew and tailor their business models and offer accordingly.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to express sincerest gratitude to three reviewers, whose comments undoubtedly improved the contents and quality of the final version of this article. The authors would like also to extend heartfelt gratitude to the chief editor Professor Alberto Ferraris for his considerable help, on both a substantive and technical level, in preparing this manuscript for publication.

Citation

Górka – Chowaniec, A.K. and Sikora, T. (2022), "Determinants for food service market segmentation and contemporary consumers’ behaviours amid the Covid-19 pandemic", British Food Journal, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-03-2022-0230

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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