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Effects of globalization on food production in five European countries

Fahimeh Khatami (Department of Management, University of Torino, Turin, Italy)
Francesca Ricciardi (Department of Management, University of Torino, Torino, Italy)
Angelo Cavallo (Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy)
Valter Cantino (Department of Management, University of Torino, Turin, Italy)

British Food Journal

ISSN: 0007-070X

Article publication date: 24 September 2021

Issue publication date: 21 March 2022




The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of globalization convergence (GC) and its components (social, economic, political, technological and ecological) on food production (FP).


The methodological approach adopted is based on a quantitative approach, using a static panel data analysis with relevant data from five European countries within five time intervals (2013–2017).


The results indicated that three components of globalization (social, technological and ecological) could significantly contribute to the food industry, while two other components of globalization (economic and political) are negatively correlated with FP.

Research limitations/implications

This study contributes to the theoretical recognition of the role of globalization in influencing FP in multidisciplinary interactions. Meanwhile, this study's main limitation lies in the statistical method of panel data analysis, since temporal and spatial changes have not been investigated.


Despite the literature on globalization's effect on FP, each globalization component's effect has not been investigated appropriately within cross-countries studies. Hence, the present study addresses a gap in the extant literature by examining the globalization effects on the food industry to promote globalized food security, opportunities and solutions in the study areas.



Khatami, F., Ricciardi, F., Cavallo, A. and Cantino, V. (2022), "Effects of globalization on food production in five European countries", British Food Journal, Vol. 124 No. 5, pp. 1569-1589.



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