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Assessing the implications of BIM on sustainability of construction projects through design risk management

Sulakshya Gaur (Department of Civil Engineering, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur, India)
Abhay Tawalare (Department of Civil Engineering, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur, India)

Built Environment Project and Asset Management

ISSN: 2044-124X

Article publication date: 30 April 2024

Issue publication date: 19 June 2024

130

Abstract

Purpose

Design cost overrun is one of the prominent factor that can impact the sustainable delivery of the project. It can be encountered due to a lack of information flow, design variation, etc. thereby impacting the project budget, waste generation and schedule. An overarching impact of this is witnessed in the sustainability dimensions of the project, mainly in terms of economic and environmental aspects. This work, therefore, aims to assess the implications of a technological process, in the form of building information modelling (BIM), that can smoothen the design process and mitigate the risks, thus impacting the sustainability of the project holistically.

Design/methodology/approach

The identified design risks in construction projects from the literature were initially analysed using a fuzzy inference system (FIS). This was followed by the focus group discussion with the project experts to understand the role of BIM in mitigating the project risks and, in turn, fulfilling the sustainability dimensions.

Findings

The FIS-based risk assessment found seven risks under the intolerable category for which the BIM functionalities associated with the common data environment (CDE), data storage and exchange and improved project visualization were studied as mitigation approaches. The obtained benefits were then subsequently corroborated with the achievement of three sustainability dimensions.

Research limitations/implications

The conducted study strengthens the argument for the adoption of technological tools in the construction industry as they can serve multifaceted advantages. This has been shown through the use of BIM in risk mitigation, which inherently impacts project sustainability holistically.

Originality/value

The impact of BIM on all three dimensions of sustainability, i.e. social, economic and environmental, through its use in the mitigation of critical risks was one of the important findings. It presented a different picture as opposed to other studies that have mainly been dominated by the use of BIM to achieve environmental sustainability.

Keywords

Citation

Gaur, S. and Tawalare, A. (2024), "Assessing the implications of BIM on sustainability of construction projects through design risk management", Built Environment Project and Asset Management, Vol. 14 No. 3, pp. 470-489. https://doi.org/10.1108/BEPAM-12-2022-0194

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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