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Training gaps in the adoption of building information modelling by Nigerian construction professionals

Elijah Oluwatosin Oyewole (Quantity Surveying, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria)
Joshua Oluwasuji Dada (Quantity Surveying, Faculty of Environmental Design and Management, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria)

Built Environment Project and Asset Management

ISSN: 2044-124X

Article publication date: 1 May 2019

Issue publication date: 5 July 2019




The opportunities that the building information modeling (BIM) mode of project delivery presents warrant the need for the construction professionals to be adequately trained on BIM technology and processes. The purpose of this paper is to assess the training gaps that exist between the perceived and expected knowledge of BIM practice among construction professionals in Nigeria.


The study was carried out through a structured questionnaire survey administered on identifying training gaps among registered Nigerian construction professionals toward BIM adoption. Relevant information on the perceived and expected BIM mode of practices was systematically collected from 212 participants who are familiar with BIM concepts. The data generated were analyzed using descriptive statistics and gap analysis.


Gap analysis was employed in determining the significance of BIM training gap for various practices among the construction professionals. The most significant gaps in BIM practice with gap analysis value>1 are the project review technique and clash detection for architectural practice. Among quantity surveyors, cost estimating, preparation of bills of quantities and project budgeting are the practice areas where there are significant training gaps in adopting BIM. For engineering practices, the gap analysis reveals a significant training gap in design creation and coordination, as-built-modeling, clash detection and space management.

Research limitations/implications

The research is limited to the perception of the respondents on actual and ideal BIM practices, not considering the process workflow, facility requirements and other issues that revolve round BIM adoption and implementation. It is also limited to professionals in the industry, and further studies will be appropriate to address these limitations.

Practical implications

The study reveals that there is a great need to meet the training gaps for BIM adoption in ensuring efficiency of construction project delivery.


The gaps that exist between the actual and expected BIM training were statistically established.



Oyewole, E.O. and Dada, J.O. (2019), "Training gaps in the adoption of building information modelling by Nigerian construction professionals", Built Environment Project and Asset Management, Vol. 9 No. 3, pp. 399-411.



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