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Building information modelling (BIM) penetration in quantity surveying (QS) practice

Oluwole Alfred Olatunji (Construction Management, Curtin University, Perth, Australia)
Jane Jia Suen Lee (Curtin University, Perth, Australia)
Heap-Yih Chong (Curtin University, Perth, Australia)
Abiola Abosede Akanmu (Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA)

Built Environment Project and Asset Management

ISSN: 2044-124X

Article publication date: 25 May 2021

Issue publication date: 20 October 2021




This study investigates building information modelling (BIM) penetration in quantity surveying (QS) practice by examining the significance attached to the benefits and barriers of BIM adoption, BIM capabilities and future directions of BIM in QS processes. A popular opinion amongst construction researchers is that BIM has the capacity to revolutionize the industry. The study draws-out information in the literature regarding discipline-specific penetration of BIM.


Snowball sampling method was used to obtain information through a survey questionnaire. A total of 73 participants, largely quantity surveyors in Western Australia, took part in the study. Reductionist methodology was used to identify key variables of QS-BIM competencies that are most significant statistically.


BIM does not impose additional difficulties to traditional QS processes. Adherence to standard method of measurement and limited market demand do not hinder BIM deployment significantly. Quantity surveyors are able to use BIM to support their professional services once definitive design models are involved. In addition, the study identifies BIM penetration barriers to include constraints caused by centralised database management and interoperability issues, limitations imposed by market drivers, lack of in-house expertise to manage modelling needs and limited capability in software management.

Practical implications

Future opportunities for skill development are in the areas noted in the findings. Whilst many studies have reported resistance and widespread scepticism amongst some construction disciplines regarding BIM adoption, this study finds BIM penetration in QS practice is considerable, a direction that could trigger further novel innovations.


The methodology reported in the study is novel. In addition, findings from the study inspires other discipline-specific studies to articulate their BIM-penetration trends so that t broad areas of construction can develop a balanced strategy around BIM and innovation development.



Olatunji, O.A., Lee, J.J.S., Chong, H.-Y. and Akanmu, A.A. (2021), "Building information modelling (BIM) penetration in quantity surveying (QS) practice", Built Environment Project and Asset Management, Vol. 11 No. 5, pp. 888-902.



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