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Relationally integrated value networks (RIVANS) for total facilities management (TFM)

Nayanthara De Silva (Department of Building Economics, University of Moratuwa, Moratuwa, Sri Lanka)
R.P.N.P. Weerasinghe (Department of Building Economics, University of Moratuwa, Moratuwa, Sri Lanka)
H.W.N. Madhusanka (Department of Building Economics, University of Moratuwa, Moratuwa, Sri Lanka)
Mohan Kumaraswamy (Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong)

Built Environment Project and Asset Management

ISSN: 2044-124X

Article publication date: 13 July 2017




A case is made for developing “Relationally Integrated Value Networks for Total Facilities Management” (RIVANS-TFM) by synergistically connecting significant stakeholders of the project management (PM) and facilities management (FM) phases to deliver substantially better value for the end users of built infrastructure. The paper aims to discuss these issues.


A structured questionnaire survey enabled identification of typically significant stakeholders in the PM and FM phases. In total, 14 key stakeholders were identified through t-test analysis in this Sri Lankan study. Semi-structured interviews unveiled relationships among the aforementioned stakeholders and the findings were used to develop the “required” RIVANS-TFM, as well as the “existing” RIVANS-TFM, using the UCINET social network analysis software package. Social network theory of relationships was applied to analyze the networks in terms of “Structural Holes” or missing links and “Brokerage Potentials.”


Structural holes analysis highlighted the existing setup to be more vulnerable to missing links than the “required”/targeted setup. Furthermore, brokerage potentials analysis revealed that owners, project managers, facility managers, maintenance engineers, main contractors, designers, principal consultants, and other specialist consultants can act as “brokers” to bridge the gaps or minimize structural holes, thereby uplifting and reinforcing the existing network to deliver better performance and value in TFM.


By revealing existing and required levels of integration of each stakeholder in RIVANS-TFM, clients are provided a great opportunity to identify the stakeholders who should be engaged more, or less – in order to best achieve clients’ long-term aspirations and project objectives. Furthermore, the findings also indicate appropriate levels of stakeholder relationships to target, in order to maintain efficient flows of information, material and services in the supply chains while enhancing TFM life-cycle values.



De Silva, N., Weerasinghe, R.P.N.P., Madhusanka, H.W.N. and Kumaraswamy, M. (2017), "Relationally integrated value networks (RIVANS) for total facilities management (TFM)", Built Environment Project and Asset Management, Vol. 7 No. 3, pp. 313-329.



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Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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