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Board gender composition, dividend policy and COD: the implications of CEO duality

Samuel Jebaraj Benjamin (Department of Accountancy and Finance, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand)
Pallab Biswas (Department of Accountancy and Finance, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand)

Accounting Research Journal

ISSN: 1030-9616

Article publication date: 27 September 2019

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine whether CEO duality affects the association between board gender composition, dividend policy and cost of debt (COD).

Design/methodology/approach

The S&P 1500 firms’ data for this study were collected from the Bloomberg professional service terminal for the period 2010-2015.

Findings

The results show that board gender composition positively impacts both a firm’s propensity to pay dividends and the level of payouts. However, this positive association is only present in firms with CEO duality. The authors find no significant association between board gender composition and COD, but when the authors split the sample into firms with and without CEO duality, the authors find a negative association in firms without CEO duality.

Practical implications

The empirical results highlight important issues for policymakers, managers and investors. The study provides positive feedback on corporate governance rejuvenation efforts that seek to engender and advocate the appointments of female directors to corporate boards. Market participants, such as financial analysts and lenders, could recognize the empirical specifics related to the influence of board gender composition on firms’ dividend policy and COD in the context of CEO duality.

Originality/value

This study fills an important gap in the literature on the relationship between board gender composition and its relation with dividend policy and COD.

Keywords

Citation

Benjamin, S.J. and Biswas, P. (2019), "Board gender composition, dividend policy and COD: the implications of CEO duality", Accounting Research Journal, Vol. 32 No. 3, pp. 454-476. https://doi.org/10.1108/ARJ-02-2018-0035

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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