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A hybrid modelling approach for information processing workflow in inter-cultural heritage projects

Hasan Fevzi Cugen (Department of Architecture, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey)
Semra Arslan Selcuk (Department of Architecture, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey)
Yusuf Arayici (Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK)


ISSN: 2631-6862

Article publication date: 10 July 2024




Building Information Modelling in building processes brings significant efficiency gains. However, its use in restoration projects is still experimental. On the other hand, more than traditional methods are needed for communication, collaboration, and shared understanding. Hence, the main research question is how to enhance these aspects in multinational projects with information transparency challenges and the need for shared understanding among stakeholders. This research aims to develop and propose a hybrid modelling approach that integrates traditional and BIM-based information process workflows through testing and evaluating to what extent BIM can be used in restoration projects without excessive efforts.


Considering this aim, the case study, the Mahmud Pasha Hammam as the heritage building, a 15th-century structure located in Serbia, was studied with the action research strategy to enable action-based learning by doing. Alongside the 2D documentation as the traditional method for the existing structure, restoration design proposals were also produced for the new additions to the heritage structure with BIM.


A new BIM use scenario was experimented with and proposed, proving BIM implementation's potential impact on heritage restoration projects. A hybrid model was developed that meets the requirements of existing regulations and specifications, where restoration proposals were visualized quickly, quantity take-off was produced, and technical drawings were generated instantly.


This hybrid modelling workflow integrates HBIM with traditional methods in restoration projects to improve communication, efficiency, and collaboration in a real-time professional project.



Cugen, H.F., Arslan Selcuk, S. and Arayici, Y. (2024), "A hybrid modelling approach for information processing workflow in inter-cultural heritage projects", Archnet-IJAR, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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