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Exploration of patriotic brand image: its antecedents and impacts on purchase intentions

Yufan Li (Graduate Institute of Management, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan)
Weichen Teng (Department of International Trade, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan)
Tien-Tien Liao (Department of International Business Administration, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan)
Tom M.Y. Lin (Department of Business Administration, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan)

Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics

ISSN: 1355-5855

Article publication date: 18 November 2020

Issue publication date: 28 June 2021

3407

Abstract

Purpose

The recent rise of economic nationalism intensifies consumers' patriotic attitudes toward goods or services and thus encourages enterprises to build patriotic brand images. Nevertheless, few studies have discussed how a patriotic brand image is developed. The purpose of this study aims to fill the gap by examining whether and how a positive corporate image helps a domestic brand establish a patriotic brand image and in turn enhances consumers' purchase intentions in relation to domestic brand products.

Design/methodology/approach

A research model identifying the antecedents of patriotic brand image (the components of corporate image) is proposed and empirically tested using structural equations with a questionnaire investigating Taiwanese college students' attitudes toward Taiwanese smartphone brands. Three competing models are also proposed and tested to confirm the appropriateness of the research model.

Findings

In addition to the widely recognized impact of perceived quality on purchase intentions, patriotic brand image is found to be effective in enhancing local consumers' intentions to purchase domestic brand products. To shape a patriotic brand image, perceived quality, perceived corporate ability and perceived corporate integrity are the direct approaches, while perceived corporate social responsibility works through perceived corporate integrity, and perceived employer brand enhances only perceived corporate social responsibility.

Research limitations/implications

Potential sampling (college students) and subject (smartphones) biases may limit the generalizability of the presented findings

Practical implications

While patriotic appeals have long been used in marketing communication, they are also likely to precipitate negative brand associations (e.g. nationalism), offending consumers in other countries. By contrast, the development of a positive corporate image serves as an implicit and neutral approach to building a patriotic brand image and can help domestic brands attract local consumers with less harm to foreign markets.

Originality/value

This study is one of notably few studies discussing patriotic brand image and its impacts on purchase intentions. This study also identifies the antecedents of patriotic brand image and how each of them affects patriotic brand image. The findings can help guide domestic brands in building a patriotic brand image.

Keywords

Citation

Li, Y., Teng, W., Liao, T.-T. and Lin, T.M.Y. (2021), "Exploration of patriotic brand image: its antecedents and impacts on purchase intentions", Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics, Vol. 33 No. 6, pp. 1455-1481. https://doi.org/10.1108/APJML-11-2019-0660

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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