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The impacts of Fintech adoption, green finance and competitiveness on banks’ sustainable performance: digital transformation as moderator

Imdadullah Hidayat-ur-Rehman (MIS Department, Faculty of Business Administration, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia)
Md Nahin Hossain (BTM Department, Faculty of Science and Technical Education, Islamic University of Technology, Gazipur, Bangladesh)

Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration

ISSN: 1757-4323

Article publication date: 16 April 2024

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Abstract

Purpose

The global emphasis on sustainability is driving organizations to embrace financial technology (Fintech) solutions as a means of enhancing their sustainable performance. This study seeks to unveil the intermediary role played by green finance and competitiveness, along with the moderating impact of digital transformation (DT), in the intricate relationship between Fintech adoption and sustainable performance.

Design/methodology/approach

Drawing on existing literature, we construct a comprehensive conceptual framework to thoroughly analyse these interconnected variables. To empirical validate of our model, a dual structural equation modelling–artificial neural network) SEM–ANN approach was employed, adding a robust layer of validation to our study’s proposed framework. A sample of 438 banking employees in Pakistan was collected using a simple random sampling technique, with 411 samples deemed suitable for subsequent analysis. Initially, data scrutiny and hypothesis testing were carried out using Smart-PLS 4.0 and SPSS-23. Subsequently, the ANN technique was utilized to assess the importance of exogenous factors in forecasting endogenous factors.

Findings

The findings from this research underscore the direct and significant influence of Fintech adoption and DT on the sustainable performance of banks. Notably, green finance and competitiveness emerge as pivotal mediators, bridging the gap between Fintech adoption and sustainable performance. Moreover, DT emerges as a critical moderator, shaping the relationships between Fintech adoption and both green finance and competitiveness. The integration of the ANN approach enhances the SEM analysis, providing deeper insights and a more comprehensive understanding of the subject matter.

Originality/value

This study contributes to the enhanced comprehension of Fintech, green finance, competitiveness, DT and the sustainable performance of banks. Recognizing the importance of amalgamating Fintech adoption, green finance and transformational leadership becomes essential for elevating the sustainable performance of banks. The insights garnered from this study hold valuable implications for policymakers, practitioners and scholars aiming to enhance the sustainable performance of banks within the competitive business landscape.

Keywords

Citation

Hidayat-ur-Rehman, I. and Hossain, M.N. (2024), "The impacts of Fintech adoption, green finance and competitiveness on banks’ sustainable performance: digital transformation as moderator", Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/APJBA-10-2023-0497

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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