To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Measurement scale of international opportunity identification in early internationalization firms

Md Imtiaz Mostafiz (Sheffield Business School, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK)
Murali Sambasivan (Faculty of Business and Law, Taylor’s University, Subang Jaya, Malaysia) (Thiagarajar School of Management, Madurai, India)
See Kwong Goh (Taylor’s University, Subang Jaya, Malaysia)

Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration

ISSN: 1757-4323

Publication date: 16 July 2019



The purpose of this paper is to develop the international opportunity identification (IOI) scale through psychometric evaluation in an emerging economy context.


Samples consist of international firms operating in the apparel industry in Bangladesh. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted on the first wave of responses to unfold the underlying dimensions of IOI. The second wave of data was used to confirm the validity of IOI scale through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA).


EFA suggests a unidimensional scale, which is supported by CFA. The relationship between IOI and financial performance is significant and confirms nomological validity. Results also confirm the validity and reliability of the IOI scale.


This study indicates that IOI is a reliable and valid scale to measure the strategic action of the international firms operating in emerging economies, and has a positive relationship with financial performance.



Mostafiz, M.I., Sambasivan, M. and Goh, S.K. (2019), "Measurement scale of international opportunity identification in early internationalization firms", Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 131-145.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited