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Personality in individuals with mild intellectual disability to borderline intellectual functioning: a comparative study

Kim Lie Sam Foek-Rambelje (Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands)
Kirsten Copier (Department for Mild Intellectual Disabilities, Zwolle, The Netherlands)
Robert Didden (Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands)
Esmay Haacke (Center for Mild Intellectual Disability and Psychiatry, GGZ Oost Brabant, Boekel, The Netherlands)
Paul van der Heijden (Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands)
Jos Egger (Donders institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour at Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands)

Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities

ISSN: 2044-1282

Article publication date: 21 February 2024

Issue publication date: 4 March 2024

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Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the distinctive personality traits and characteristics of individuals with borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) and mild intellectual disability (MID) within specialized centers for MID-BIF treatment and care compared with individuals without MID-BIF diagnosis gathered from general mental health care (GMH) settings.

Design/methodology/approach

Patients classified with MID-BIF (n = 58), most with comorbid psychopathology, were thoroughly interviewed by trained clinicians who afterward completed the Shedler–Westen Assessment Procedure (SWAP-200) about the patient. The authors compared SWAP-200 profiles of MID-BIF patients with profiles of GMH individuals. In addition, the authors have compared these profiles for the MID and BIF groups (differentiated based on previously known intelligence quotient scores).

Findings

Results show significantly higher scores for the MID-BIF group than the GMH group on scales encompassing emotional instability, impulsivity and antagonism. On scales containing constraint and healthy traits, significantly lower scores were found for the MID-BIF group than for the GMH group. Importance of including SWAP-200 personality assessment for a more comprehensive understanding and treatment planning for individuals with MID-BIF is discussed.

Originality/value

This study offers insights into personality within individuals with an MID-BIF diagnosis, compared with individuals in a GMH setting.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank Monique Delforterie, PhD, research psychologist, and Teunis van den Hazel, MSc, clinical psychologist, for their critical discussion on the subject and helpful comments.

Declaration of interest statement: The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Citation

Lie Sam Foek-Rambelje, K., Copier, K., Didden, R., Haacke, E., van der Heijden, P. and Egger, J. (2024), "Personality in individuals with mild intellectual disability to borderline intellectual functioning: a comparative study", Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, Vol. 18 No. 1, pp. 38-48. https://doi.org/10.1108/AMHID-10-2023-0036

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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