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Factors and their relationships in measuring the progress of open government

Eun G. Park (School of Information Studies, McGill University, Montreal, Canada)
Wankeun Oh (Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, The Republic of Korea)

Aslib Journal of Information Management

ISSN: 2050-3806

Article publication date: 21 October 2019

Issue publication date: 8 January 2020



The purpose of this paper is to examine the main factors influencing government openness, develop a global government openness index (GGOI) for assessing the progress of government openness and investigate how the factors contribute to the advancement of open government by individual countries and country groups by income.


This study identifies the four factors and adopts them into four variables for making GGOI: accountability (ACC), citizen participation and freedom (CPF), transparency (TRA) and information and communication technology (ICT). To calculate GGOI, panel data for 134 countries from 2006 to 2015 were used.


GGOI scores constantly improved with an annual growth rate of 2.09 percent. Countries with high ACC values tend to have high TRA scores, resulting in high GGOI scores. While the differences in ACC and TRA were steady over the period, ICT increased the most in all groups. To boost ICT performance as a channel to support other variables, middle-income countries should make further effort for citizens to use ICT capabilities toward enhancing the levels of CPF and TRA.

Research limitations/implications

This study presents a global picture of the advancement of open government and provides insights into specific areas that can be diagonalized.

Practical implications

The GGOI could be used as a useful assessment tool to measure the progress of government openness in countries and implement policies and action plans for improving government openness.


The GGOI covers the areas related to legal, administrative, participatory and technological factors and provides the factors’ inter-relationships for the composition of GGOI.



Wankeun Oh gratefully acknowledges the financial support from the Hankuk University of Foreign Studies Research Fund 2019.


Park, E.G. and Oh, W. (2020), "Factors and their relationships in measuring the progress of open government", Aslib Journal of Information Management, Vol. 72 No. 1, pp. 17-33.



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