This paper assessed the causal effect of women empowerment in agriculture (WEA) on household food security in the Savannah Accelerated Development Authority (SADA) zone of Ghana.
The study used the extended probit regression with endogenous treatment to account for potential endogeneity of empowerment and food security using data from the United States Agency for International Development's (USAID) Feed the Future baseline survey.
All three indicators of women empowerment positively impact food security. In specific terms, when women participate in crop and livestock decision-making in the household, and when they have access to cultivable lands, their households have lower probabilities of being severely or moderately hungry. Also, crop decision-making exhibits the highest impact on food security.
While there may be several policy options to eradicate food insecurity challenges in Ghana, the policy measure of empowering women in agriculture needs attention. Priority should be given to empowering them in production decision-making.
There is the need to sensitise households on the importance of women decision-making within the household and their access to land.
In the context of the empowerment literature, from our search, this study is the first in applying the hunger scale as a measure of food security and represents the first attempt at examining the effect of women empowerment on food security in Ghana.
Asitik, A.J. and Abu, B.M. (2020), "Women empowerment in agriculture and food security in Savannah Accelerated Development Authority zone of Ghana", African Journal of Economic and Management Studies, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 253-270. https://doi.org/10.1108/AJEMS-03-2019-0102
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