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Women empowerment in agriculture and food security in Savannah Accelerated Development Authority zone of Ghana

Akanganngang Joseph Asitik (Department of Economics and Entrepreneurship Development, Faculty of Integrated Development Studies, University for Development Studies, Wa, Ghana)
Benjamin Musah Abu (Department of Economics and Entrepreneurship Development, Faculty of Integrated Development Studies, University for Development Studies, Wa, Ghana)

African Journal of Economic and Management Studies

ISSN: 2040-0705

Article publication date: 23 March 2020

Issue publication date: 11 June 2020

491

Abstract

Purpose

This paper assessed the causal effect of women empowerment in agriculture (WEA) on household food security in the Savannah Accelerated Development Authority (SADA) zone of Ghana.

Design/methodology/approach

The study used the extended probit regression with endogenous treatment to account for potential endogeneity of empowerment and food security using data from the United States Agency for International Development's (USAID) Feed the Future baseline survey.

Findings

All three indicators of women empowerment positively impact food security. In specific terms, when women participate in crop and livestock decision-making in the household, and when they have access to cultivable lands, their households have lower probabilities of being severely or moderately hungry. Also, crop decision-making exhibits the highest impact on food security.

Practical implications

While there may be several policy options to eradicate food insecurity challenges in Ghana, the policy measure of empowering women in agriculture needs attention. Priority should be given to empowering them in production decision-making.

Social implications

There is the need to sensitise households on the importance of women decision-making within the household and their access to land.

Originality/value

In the context of the empowerment literature, from our search, this study is the first in applying the hunger scale as a measure of food security and represents the first attempt at examining the effect of women empowerment on food security in Ghana.

Keywords

Citation

Asitik, A.J. and Abu, B.M. (2020), "Women empowerment in agriculture and food security in Savannah Accelerated Development Authority zone of Ghana", African Journal of Economic and Management Studies, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 253-270. https://doi.org/10.1108/AJEMS-03-2019-0102

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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