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Designing farm supplemental revenue coverage options on top of crop insurance coverage

Harun Bulut (National Crop Insurance Services (NCIS), Overland Park, Kansas, USA)
Keith J. Collins (National Crop Insurance Services (NCIS), Overland Park, Kansas, USA)

Agricultural Finance Review

ISSN: 0002-1466

Article publication date: 26 August 2014



The purpose of this paper is to use simulation analysis to assess farmer choice between crop insurance and supplemental revenue options as proposed during development of the Agricultural Act of 2014.


The certainty equivalent of wealth is used to rank farm choices and assess the effects of supplemental revenue options on the crop insurance plan and coverage level chosen by the producer under a range of farm attributes. The risk-reducing effectiveness of the select programs is also examined through their impact on the farm revenue distribution. The dependence structure of yield and prices is modeled by applying copula techniques on historical data.


Farm program supplemental revenue programs generally have no effect on crop insurance choices. Crop insurance supplemental revenue programs typically reduce crop insurance coverage at high coverage levels. An individual plan of crop insurance combined with a supplemental revenue insurance plan may substitute for incumbent area crop insurance plans.


The analysis provides insights into farmers’ possible choices by focussing on alternative crops and farm attributes and extensive scenarios, using current data, crop insurance plans and programs contained in the 2014 Farm Bill and related bills. The results should be of value to policy officials and producers in regards to the design and use of risk management tools.



JEL Classifications— Q12, Q18


Bulut, H. and J. Collins, K. (2014), "Designing farm supplemental revenue coverage options on top of crop insurance coverage", Agricultural Finance Review, Vol. 74 No. 3, pp. 397-426.



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