To read this content please select one of the options below:

Faculty members’ perceptions of internationalization of curriculum: globalization and localization, a comparative study

Gulnaz Zahid (Department of Behavioral Sciences, School of Social Sciences and Humanities, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan)
Siobhan Neary (International Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, Derby, UK)

Asian Education and Development Studies

ISSN: 2046-3162

Article publication date: 8 August 2023

Issue publication date: 15 August 2023




This study explores faculty members’ (FMs’) perceptions of the internationalization of curriculum (IoC) at the undergraduate level through the collection of data from two countries: Pakistan and the UK. The similarities and differences in internationalization strategies were explored. Historical and existing educational ties between the two contexts and an equally emerging focus on internationalization at home (IaH) provided a major cornerstone for this study.


Quantitative data were collected from two universities using a cross-sectional and comparative research design by employing a reliable and valid scale with three subscales: curriculum embedded in labor market information, curriculum embedded in employability skills and curriculum embedded in global citizenship (CGC). A comparison between the perceptions of these two universities, by taking perceptions of FMs across their disciplines, and experienced and less experienced FMs was made.


The findings indicate a global influence on the local context for IaH and the importance of experienced FM. Various disciplines in these universities are congruent with respect to these three subscales, except for one, the CGC for engineering and design. The findings reveal the global influences on the local contexts in the internationalization of curriculum and the relevance of experienced FMs in terms of curriculum and labor market experiences rather than years of service. The findings examine the importance of IaH in both contexts. Since the study was quantitative in nature, an in-depth understanding of FMs’ experiences could not be obtained.

Practical implications

Globalization and intercultural ties have led to IaH, as intercultural ties and connections seem to contribute to IoC. Context- and discipline-related differences provide implications for IoC, considering sociocultural and institutional factors.


This study provides a new perspective to help understand the influence of globalization on internationalizing higher education.



Zahid, G. and Neary, S. (2023), "Faculty members’ perceptions of internationalization of curriculum: globalization and localization, a comparative study", Asian Education and Development Studies, Vol. 12 No. 2/3, pp. 166-180.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles