Double‐layer fusion algorithm for EGI‐based system

Rong Wang (Navigation Research Center, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, China)
Jianye Liu (Navigation Research Center, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, China)
Zhi Xiong (Navigation Research Center, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, China)
Qinghua Zeng (Navigation Research Center, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, China)

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology

ISSN: 0002-2667

Publication date: 28 June 2013

Abstract

Purpose

The Embedded GPS/INS System (EGI) has been used more widely as central navigation equipment of aircraft. For certain cases needing high attitude accuracy, star sensor can be integrated with EGI to improve attitude performance. Since the filtering‐correction loop has already built in finished EGI product, centralized or federated Kalman filter is not applicable for integrating EGI with star sensor; it is a challenge to design multi‐sensor information fusion algorithm suitable for this situation. The purpose of this paper is to present a double‐layer fusion scheme and algorithms to meet the practical need of constructing integrated multi‐sensor navigation system by star sensor assisting finished EGI unit.

Design/methodology/approach

The alternate fusion algorithms for asynchronous measurements and the sequential fusion algorithms for synchronous measurements are presented. By combining alternate filtering and sequential filtering algorithms, a kind of double‐layer fusion algorithms for multi‐sensors is proposed and validated by semi‐physical test in this paper.

Findings

The double‐layer fusion algorithms represent a filtering strategy for multiple non‐identical parallel sensors to assist INS, while the independent estimation‐correction loop in EGI is still maintained. It has significant benefits in updating original navigation system by integrating new sensors.

Practical implications

The approach described in this paper can be used in designing similar multi‐sensor information fusion navigation system composed by EGI and various kinds of sensors, so as to improve the navigation performance.

Originality/value

Compared with conventional approach, in the situation that centralized and federated Kalman filter are not applicable, the double‐layer fusion scheme and algorithms give an external filtering strategy for measurements of finished EGI unit and star sensors.

Keywords

Citation

Wang, R., Liu, J., Xiong, Z. and Zeng, Q. (2013), "Double‐layer fusion algorithm for EGI‐based system", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. 85 No. 4, pp. 258-266. https://doi.org/10.1108/AEAT-Apr-2012-0052

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2013, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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