A vision-based method for supporting autonomous aircraft landing

Mariusz Oszust (Department of Computer and Control Engineering, Rzeszow University of Technology, Rzeszów, Poland)
Tomasz Kapuscinski (Department of Computer and Control Engineering, Rzeszow University of Technology, Rzeszów, Poland)
Dawid Warchol (Department of Computer and Control Engineering, Rzeszow University of Technology, Rzeszów, Poland)
Marian Wysocki (Department of Computer and Control Engineering, Rzeszow University of Technology, Rzeszów, Poland)
Tomasz Rogalski (Department of Avionics and Control, Rzeszów University of Technology, Rzeszów, Poland)
Jacek Pieniazek (Department of Avionics and Control, Rzeszów University of Technology, Rzeszów, Poland)
Grzegorz Henryk Kopecki (Department of Avionics and Control, Rzeszów University of Technology, Rzeszów, Poland)
Piotr Ciecinski (Department of Avionics and Control, Rzeszów University of Technology, Rzeszów, Poland)
Pawel Rzucidlo (Department of Avionics and Control, Rzeszów University of Technology, Rzeszów, Poland)

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology

ISSN: 0002-2667

Publication date: 3 September 2018

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to present a vision-based method for determination of the position of a fixed-wing aircraft that is approaching a runway.

Design methodology/approach

The method determines the location of an aircraft based on positions of precision approach path indicator lights and approach light system with sequenced flashing lights in the image captured by an on-board camera.

Findings

As the relation of the lighting systems to the touchdown area on the considered runway is known in advance, the detected lights, seen as glowing lines or highlighted areas, in the image can be mapped onto the real-world coordinates and then used to estimate the position of the aircraft. Furthermore, the colours of lights are detected and can be used as auxiliary information.

Practical implications

The presented method can be considered as a potential source of flight data for autonomous approach and for augmentation of manual approach.

Originality/value

In this paper, a feasibility study of this concept is presented and primarily validated.

Keywords

Citation

Oszust, M., Kapuscinski, T., Warchol, D., Wysocki, M., Rogalski, T., Pieniazek, J., Kopecki, G., Ciecinski, P. and Rzucidlo, P. (2018), "A vision-based method for supporting autonomous aircraft landing", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. 90 No. 6, pp. 973-982. https://doi.org/10.1108/AEAT-11-2017-0250

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Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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