The aim of this paper is the implementation and validation of control and guidance algorithms for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) autopilots.
The path-following control of the UAV can be separated into different layers: inner loop for pitch and roll attitude control, outer loop on heading, altitude and airspeed control for the waypoints tracking and waypoint navigation. Two control laws are defined: one based on proportional integrative derivative (PID) controllers both for inner and outer loops and one based on the combination of PIDs and an adaptive controller.
Good results can be obtained in terms of trajectory tracking (based on waypoints) and of parameter variations. The adaptive control law guarantees smoothing responses and less oscillations and glitches on the control deflections.
The proposed controllers are easily implementable on-board and are computationally efficient.
The algorithm validation via hardware in the loop simulations can be used to reduce the platform set-up time and the risk of losing the prototype during the flight tests.
Capello, E., Guglieri, G. and Ristorto, G. (2017), "Guidance and control algorithms for mini UAV autopilots", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. 89 No. 1, pp. 133-144. https://doi.org/10.1108/AEAT-10-2014-0161Download as .RIS
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