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Improvement of UAV: design and implementation on launchability

Etka Gökbel (Department of Advanced Research in Mechatronics and Artificial Intelligence, Marmara University, Istanbul, Tukey)
Aydin Güllü (Department of Mechatronics, Trakya Universitesi, Edirne, Turkey)
Sezgin Ersoy (Department of Advanced Research in Mechatronics and Artificial Intelligence, Marmara University, Istanbul, Tukey)

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology

ISSN: 0002-2667

Article publication date: 14 December 2022




This study aims to a launchable design has been made to prevent wasted time in time-critical areas, and increase the efficiency of the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). In this way, a UAV can reach the mission height quickly.


A unique launchable UAV and launcher mechanism have been designed. The launchable UAV will be folded into the launcher mechanism and will automatically start flight after launch. The study includes mathematical calculations, 3D designs steps and produced UAV tests for the designed UAV. The launcher mechanism was designed in accordance with the tests for the UAV, and appropriate choices were made for the altitude and launch acceleration required by the UAV. According to the calculations, material selection and production were made.


In the tests, the climbing time was reduced by 1 s compared with the existing UAVs. With the launch, it enabled it to reach the altitude quickly and silently. In addition, because the launch energy was provided externally, it provided an advantage for the flight time.

Practical implications

A rotary-wing UAV with a launch mechanism and a fast launch was designed and prototyped. The maximum climb speed of the designed drone is 6.52 m/s. Frame arm length is 9.2 cm, propeller diameter is 15.24 cm and hover flight time is 7.2 m.


The UAV design can be launched. Design, calculation and experimental studies have been carried out for rapid take-off of the rotary wing UAV. The parts used in the UAV are originally produced. It is not a commercial product.



Gökbel, E., Güllü, A. and Ersoy, S. (2022), "Improvement of UAV: design and implementation on launchability", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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