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Analysis of possibilities for modification of drill bit geometrical parameters used to drill holes in composite materials of various composition

Piotr Tyczynski (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, Rzeszow University of Technology, Rzeszow, Poland.)
Romana Ewa Sliwa (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, Rzeszow University of Technology, Rzeszow, Poland.)
Robert Ostrowski (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, Rzeszow University of Technology, Rzeszow, Poland.)

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology

ISSN: 0002-2667

Article publication date: 2 March 2015

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the concept of new drill bit geometry adjusted to a given composite type. This paper explores the possibility of drilling in composites without negative effects such as: delamination, rapid tool wear, matrix burns, pulling out of fibers, etc.

Design/methodology/approach

Appropriate modification of drill bit geometries applied to composite materials include, among other things: modifications of point angles, reduction of chisel edge width, modification of drill margins and proper preparation of drill bit corners.

Findings

Description of tool geometry for drilling of different types of composites, in particular drilling in parts included free grain surfaces but also drilling at a different angle than 90°.

Research limitations/implications

Geometrical details of the tool for drilling are depended on the type of composite.

Practical implications

Making of montage holes in parts made of composites without negative effects during drilling.

Originality/value

Analysis of the current state of knowledge shows that there are insufficient solutions in terms of new drill geometry for drilling of composites. Existing solutions do not guarantee adequate stability and repeatability of the cutting process. It is necessary to create new geometry drills permit the elimination of negative phenomena during drilling.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge financial support of Structural Funds in the Operational Programme - Innovative Economy (POIG) financed from the European Regional Development Fund Project “Modern material technologies in aerospace industry”, No POIG.01.01.02-00-015/08-00.

Citation

Tyczynski, P., Sliwa, R.E. and Ostrowski, R. (2015), "Analysis of possibilities for modification of drill bit geometrical parameters used to drill holes in composite materials of various composition", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. 87 No. 2, pp. 120-130. https://doi.org/10.1108/AEAT-06-2014-0094

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited