The purpose of the conducted investigations is assessment of performance improvement of hybrid gas-turbine engine (HGTE) based on solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) using cheaper and environmental alternative fuels (AF) such as liquid methane and propane – butane mixture (propane – butane). This paper also assessed the efficiency of mid-flight propulsion system (PS) based on HGTE for advanced short – medium hall aircrafts (SMHA) of 2025 (with level of parameters corresponding to technologies of 2025-2030 time period).
According to purposes of this paper, following are conducted: Analysis of properties of conventional and advanced aviation fuels, updating of architectures and parameters of energy system of HGTE based on SOFC using different fuels (kerosene, methane and propane – butane). Examination of rational architectures and updating of possible design parameters of HGTE using different types of fuel. Assessment of efficiency of PS with HGTE using different fuels under aircraft criteria. Assessment of emission of harmful substances and acoustical efficiency of SMHA with HGTE using different fuels.
Improvement of technical and environmental performances of SMHA with HGTE based on SOFC using AF in comparison with turbofan is shown.
Accuracy of research results is defined by a number of the adopted aircraft and engine restrictions, as well as accuracy of prediction concerning to the improvement of integral characteristics of elements SMHA and PS with HGTE for 2025.
Advantages of HGTE based on SOFC create good preconditions for initiation of works on development of new-generation aircrafts using AF after 2025.
Development of SOFC technologies result in evolution of new high-economic and environmental friendly hybrid gas-turbine PS for aircrafts using AF, Improvement of an environmental situation around the airport, decrease of CO2 emission for full-flight cycle, creation of scientific and technological base for transition to electric PS of full electric aircraft.
Research results show that application of AF increases efficiency of electrochemical generator (ECG) based on SOFC and fuel efficiency of whole engine, which enable to use HGTE for PS of advanced aircrafts more effectively than turbofan. As distinct from storage battery (Bradley et al., 2010) and ECG based on Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell (Horyson Energy Systems, 2010), specific characteristics of ECG based on SOFC using methane allow to design PS for SMHA of 2025.
The authors would like to acknowledge Dr A. Baykov and Mr I. Averkov and the staffs of CIAM Chemmotology Department for participation in collaboration and the provided characteristics of EHG and PU based on SOFC. Research of the authors' colleagues were left out of framework of the article subject and were not included in its content; however, the data provided by our colleagues were a base of our assessment of integral characteristics of SMHA and PS with HGTE for 2025.
Ryabov, P., Kalenskiy, S., Khaletskiy, Y. and Mirzoyan, A. (2014), "Efficiency assessment of HPS for advanced airliners using different fuels", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. 86 No. 6, pp. 494-500. https://doi.org/10.1108/AEAT-06-2014-0088Download as .RIS
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