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Extended search pigeon-inspired optimized MPPT controller for solar quadcopter

Zhiqiang Zheng (School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering, Beihang University (BUAA), Beijing, China)
Haibin Duan (School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering, Beihang University (BUAA), Beijing, China)
Yimin Deng (School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering, Beihang University (BUAA), Beijing, China)

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology

ISSN: 0002-2667

Article publication date: 2 December 2022

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel maximum power point track (MPPT) controller for a type of solar quad-copter to solve the problem of tracking the maximum power point (MPP) when it works in nonuniform environment conditions.

Design/methodology/approach

The influence of uniform and nonuniform illumination and different temperatures results in the output characteristics of the solar array arising multiple local MPPs. To track the global MPP of the solar array on the designed solar quadcopter, a type of MPPT controller based on an improved pigeon-inspired optimization (PIO) algorithm is proposed.

Findings

A novel type of MPPT controller based on extended search PIO (ESPIO) algorithm, called ESPIO–MPPT controller, is introduced emphatically, which is used to extend the solar quadcopter’s flight time. The simulation experiments show that the ESPIO–MPPT controller can find the global MPP (GMPP) with smaller amplitudes of oscillation and less time cost.

Practical implications

The proposed solar quadcopter with ESPIO–MPPT controller has satisfactory flight performance which can greatly broaden its mission scope.

Originality/value

A type of efficient MPPT algorithm based on ESPIO is proposed for GMPP tracking of solar quadcopters in nonuniform environment conditions.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was partially supported by Science and Technology Innovation 2030-Key Project of “New Generation Artificial Intelligence” under grant #2018AAA0102405, National Natural Science Foundation of China under grant #91948204, #U20B2071, #T2121003 and #U1913602.

Citation

Zheng, Z., Duan, H. and Deng, Y. (2022), "Extended search pigeon-inspired optimized MPPT controller for solar quadcopter", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/AEAT-05-2022-0142

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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