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Target group distribution pattern analysis with bagged convolutional neural networks for UAV distribution pattern identification

Xin Xu (Science and Technology on Information System Engineering Laboratory, Nanjing Research Institute of Electronic Engineering , Nanjing, China)

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology

ISSN: 0002-2667

Article publication date: 15 November 2021




The purpose of this study is to address the limitations of existing target group distribution pattern analysis methods and identify subtle distribution differences within and between the groups with no pre-specified distribution features. Classical work generally concentrates on either the group distribution tendency or shape as a whole and simply ignores the subtle distribution differences within the group. Other work is constrained to pre-defined spatial distribution features.


This study proposes a novel algorithm for target group distribution pattern analysis. This study first transforms the group distribution data with uncertain measurements into a distributional image. Upon that, a bagged convolutional neural network model is constructed to discriminate the delicate group distribution patterns.


Experimental results indicate that our method is robust to target missing and location variance and scalable with dataset size. Our method has outperformed the benchmark machine learning methods significantly in pattern identification accuracy.


Our method is applicable for complex unmanned aerial vehicle distribution pattern identification.



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China [grant number 61771177] and partially supported by the Collaborative Innovation Center of Novel Software Technology and Industrialization.


Xu, X. (2021), "Target group distribution pattern analysis with bagged convolutional neural networks for UAV distribution pattern identification", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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