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Numerical investigation of heat transfer effects on combustion in a generic gas turbine burner

Ender Hepkaya (Mechanical Engineering, Gazi University , Ankara, Turkey)
Nuri Yucel (Mechanical Engineering, Gazi University , Ankara, Turkey)

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology

ISSN: 0002-2667

Article publication date: 8 November 2021




This study aims to methodologically investigate heat transfer effects on reacting flow inside a liquid-fueled, swirl-stabilized burner. Furthermore, particular attention is paid to turbulence modeling and the results of Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes and large eddy simulation approaches are compared in terms of velocity field and flame temperature.


Simulations consist liquid fuel distribution using Eulerian–Lagrangian approach. Flamelet-Generated Manifold combustion model, which is a mixture fraction-progress variable formulation, is used to obtain reacting flow field. Discrete ordinates method is also added for modeling radiation heat transfer effect inside the burner. As a parametric study, different thermal boundary conditions namely: adiabatic wall, constant temperature and heat transfer coefficient are applied. Because of the fact that the burner is designed for operating with different materials, the effects of burner material on heat transfer and combustion processes are investigated. Additionally, material temperatures have been calculated using 1 D method. Finally, soot particles, which are source of luminous radiation in gas turbine combustors, are calculated using Moss-Brookes model.


The results show that the flow behavior is obviously different in recirculation region for both turbulence modeling approach, and this difference causes change on flame temperature distribution, particularly in the outer recirculation zone and region close to swirler. In thermal assessment of the burner, it is predicted that material of the burner walls and the applied thermal boundary conditions have significant influence on flame temperature, wall temperature and flow field. The radiation heat transfer also makes a strong impact on combustion inside the burner; however, luminous radiation arising from soot particles is negligible for the current case.


These types of burners are widely used in research of gas turbine combustion, and it can be seen that the heat transfer effects are generally neglected or oversimplified in the literature. This parametric study provides a basic understanding and methodology of the heat transfer effects on combustion to the researchers.



Authors gratefully acknowledge TUSAS ENGINE INDUSTRIES INC. (TEI) for their support in making computational resources available.


Hepkaya, E. and Yucel, N. (2021), "Numerical investigation of heat transfer effects on combustion in a generic gas turbine burner", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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