The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of gyroscopic effects on the dynamic stability and the response of light aircraft to manoeuvres following either a rapid deflection of the control surfaces or wind gust.
The analyses were conducted for several different mathematical models of aircraft motion, which allowed for the investigation of the relationship between introduced simplifying assumptions and the aircraft response, including non-linear terms in equations of motion expressing the influence of inertial coupling. The analytical and experimental methods (measurements in the wind tunnel for the scaled model and during flight tests of I-31T prototype aircraft) were used.
It was found that gyroscopic moments are induced mainly by the propeller, and their influence on dynamic stability of a light aircraft is negligible. However, these phenomena in manoeuvring flight investigation should not be excluded, although for general aviation (GA) aircraft, they are not strong. Hence, two types of gyroscopic effects depending on the level of steady flight disturbances were distinguished. The authors differentiated weak gyroscopic effects, corresponding to classical dynamic stability, and strong gyroscopic effects, corresponding to rapid manoeuvres.
Conclusions include some findings on the nature of gyroscopic effects (i.e. sensitivity of flight stability versus turboprop power unit parameters) and practical recommendations for aircraft designers dealing with new configurations of GA aircraft.
The analysis focuses on the assessment of the flight dynamics of light aircraft with a novel, compact, lightweight, fast-rotating turbopropeller engine and strong/weak gyroscopic effects.
Goraj, Z.J. and Cichocka, E. (2016), "Influence of weak and strong gyroscopic effects on light aircraft dynamics", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. 88 No. 5, pp. 613-622. https://doi.org/10.1108/AEAT-03-2015-0076Download as .RIS
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