The purpose of this paper is to present application of multidisciplinary design optimisation (MDO) in redesign of a small composite aircraft. The redesign process was integration of the turboprop engine in a small composite aircraft. The process requires cooperation of specialists from many disciplines and definition of their tasks. For selected tasks, the authors present results of the calculation.
The authors used collaborative optimisation (CO) algorithm to solve the problem. They decomposed this complex process into a set of tasks in different engineering/research disciplines and used techniques and methods specific for each task (research/engineering discipline) to find a proper solution. The computer-aided design (CAD), computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and computational structural mechanics (CSM) commercial software were used as common tools as well as intentionally developed computer programmes were used as basic tools in some tasks, in particular, for aerodynamic optimisation, calculation of load and stability of aircraft. The exchange of data between separate tasks allowed achieving the main goal of complex design process.
Selected optimisation algorithm, CO, proved efficient for the authors’ purposes. The effectiveness of multidisciplinary optimisation depends as much on organisational parameters as it does on technical and technology parameters.
Multidisciplinary optimisation needs to be an integral part of analysis and design process. The successful optimisation results allowed to meet the requirements and to proceed to the next phase of work – preparing technical documentation for manufacturing the components necessary for integration of the airplane with the new engine.
Presented results of design process are a valuable example of how to achieve the final goal in an ongoing project.
The research was supported by the FP7-AAT-2011-RTD-1 Collaborative Project ESPOSA (Efficient Systems and Propulsion for Small Aircraft), Contract No.: 284859.
Iwaniuk, A., Wiśniowski, W. and Żółtak, J. (2016), "Multi-disciplinary optimisation approach for a light turboprop aircraft-engine integration and improvement", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. 88 No. 2, pp. 348-355. https://doi.org/10.1108/AEAT-02-2015-0070Download as .RIS
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