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Effect of narrow pulse width laser cleaning on corrosion resistance of A5083-H111 aluminum alloy

Feisen Wang (Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China)
Sifei Ai (Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China)
Qian Wang (Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China)
Yinfen Cheng (Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China)
Haiqi Huang (University College London, London, UK)
Chuang Cai (Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China)
Di Xie (Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China)
Hui Chen (Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China)
Wei Hu (CRRC Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Institute Co Ltd., Zhuzhou, China)

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials

ISSN: 0003-5599

Article publication date: 17 May 2021

Issue publication date: 2 July 2021

187

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to promote the corrosion resistance of the 5083-111H aluminum alloy by laser cleaning.

Design/methodology/approach

Laser with 2 ns pulse width was adopted in this project and the corrosion resistance of cleaned samples was tested by copper-accelerated salt spray (CASS). The surface morphology, elemental composition and distribution were then characterized by SEM. Moreover, surface morphology, elemental composition and distribution were also tested.

Findings

Results suggested a higher corrosion resistance was successfully obtained by laser cleaning. Compared with samples cleaned by 2000 grit sandpaper, mechanical cleaning resulted in a 53% larger height difference between the peak and valley. The content of the oxygen is 8.85% on the surface cleaned mechanically and the distribution is dependent on the distribution of aluminum whereas that of the laser cleaning sample is 24.41% and the distribution existed even in the Al-poor area.

Originality/value

In this project, the 2-ns laser cleaning was proved to have the capability to remove the oxide layer on the aluminum alloy surface while retaining an excellent corrosion resistance and smooth surface. Meanwhile, a thorough elemental distribution and smaller grain size lead to a smaller difference in elemental concentration. This retards the diffusion of oxygen into the substrate and hence increases the corrosion resistance of the surface.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Financial support for this research by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2017YFB1303720201), Sichuan Science and Technology Program (No. 2019JDRC0130, 2020JDRC0047 and 2020ZDZX0002).

Thanks to Qiang Peng of Sichuan Xiye New Materials Limited Liability Company for his help in the experiment!

Citation

Wang, F., Ai, S., Wang, Q., Cheng, Y., Huang, H., Cai, C., Xie, D., Chen, H. and Hu, W. (2021), "Effect of narrow pulse width laser cleaning on corrosion resistance of A5083-H111 aluminum alloy", Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Vol. 68 No. 3, pp. 192-201. https://doi.org/10.1108/ACMM-12-2020-2414

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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