To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Corrosion behavior of ZnO-polyester nanocomposite powder coating

Aboozar Golgoon (Department of Materials Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran)
Mahmood Aliofkhazraei (Department of Materials Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran)
Mansoor Toorani (Department of Materials Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran)
Mohammad Hossein Moradi (Department of Materials Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran)
Alireza Sabour Rouhaghdam (Department of Materials Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran)
Masoud Asgari (Department of Materials Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran)

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials

ISSN: 0003-5599

Article publication date: 5 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The low resistance against penetration of water, oxygen and the other corrosive ions through the paths of coating is one the most important problems. So, protective properties of coating such as polyester must be promoted. Recently, the use of nanoparticles in the matrix of polymer coating to increase their protection and mechanical properties has been prospering greatly. The purpose of this study is to improve the corrosion resistance of the polyester powder coating with ZnO nanoparticles. The ZnO nanoparticles have been synthesized by hydrothermal method in a microwave. Using polyester – ZnO nanocomposite coating as powder – combining them by ball milling process and coating them by electrostatic process are innovative ideas and have not been used before it.

Design/methodology/approach

Polyester powder as the matrix and ZnO nanoparticles as reinforcing were combined in three different weight percentage (0.5, 1, 2 Wt.%), and they formed polymer nanocomposite by ball milling process. Then, the fabricated nanocomposite powder was applied to the surface of carbon steel using an electrostatic device, and then the coatings were cured in the furnace. The morphology of synthesized zinc oxide nanoparticles was investigated by transmission electron microscope. Also, the morphology of polyester powder and fabricated coatings was studied by scanning electron microscope. The effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles on the corrosion resistance of coated samples were studied by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) test at various times (1-90 days) of immersion in 3.5 per cent NaCl electrolyte.

Findings

Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) results reveal that there are no obvious crack and defects in the nanocomposite coatings. In contrast, the pure polyester coatings having many cracks and pores in their structure. According to the EIS results, the corrosion resistance of nanocomposite coating compared to pure coating is higher. The value obtained from EIS test show that corrosion resistance for coating that contains 1 Wt.% nanoparticle was 32,150,000 (Ωcm2), which was six times bigger than that of pure coating. In addition to providing a barrier against diffusion of electrolyte, ZnO nanoparticles act as a corrosion inhibitor and, thus, increases the corrosion resistance. The corrosion resistance of coating containing 0.5 Wt.% nanoparticles was lower as compared to that of 1 Wt.% nanoparticles. The low content of nanoparticles caused partial covering of the porosity of coating which in turn leads to provide weaker barrier properties. The increase in quantity of nanoparticles from 1 to 2 Wt.% also caused a decrease in corrosion resistance which is attributed to the agglomeration of nanoparticles.

Originality/value

The results of this study indicated the significant effect of ZnO nanoparticles on the protective performance and corrosion resistance of the polyester powder coating. Evaluation of coating surface and interface with SEM technique revealed that nanocomposite coating compared with pure polyester coating provided a coating with lower number of pores and with higher quality. The EIS measurements represented that polymeric coating that contains nanoparticles compared to pure coating provides a better corrosion resistance. In addition to providing a barrier against diffusion of electrolyte, ZnO nanoparticles act as a corrosion inhibitor and thus increase the corrosion resistance. The corrosion resistance of coating containing 0.5 Wt.% nanoparticles was lower as compared to that containing 1Wt.% nanoparticles. The low content of nanoparticles caused partial covering of the porosity of coating which in turn leads to provide weaker barrier properties. The increase in quantity of nanoparticles from 1 to 2 Wt.% also caused a decrease in corrosion resistance which is attributed to the agglomeration of nanoparticles.

Keywords

Citation

Golgoon, A., Aliofkhazraei, M., Toorani, M., Moradi, M.H., Sabour Rouhaghdam, A. and Asgari, M. (2017), "Corrosion behavior of ZnO-polyester nanocomposite powder coating", Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Vol. 64 No. 4, pp. 380-388. https://doi.org/10.1108/ACMM-08-2016-1707

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited