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Synergistic effect of polybenzoxazine/ZrO2 encapsulated polyurethane nanocomposite coatings for enhanced barrier properties of steel in seawater

Joseph Raj Xavier (Department of Chemistry, Vel Tech Rangarajan Dr Sagunthala R&D Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, India)

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials

ISSN: 0003-5599

Article publication date: 27 September 2021

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to use polybenzoxazine (Pbz) functionalized ZrO2 nanoparticles to synthesize polyurethane (PU)-PbZ/ZrO2 nanocomposite. The results derived from the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and polarization studies indicated the superior anticorrosive activity of PU-Pbz/ZrO2 nanocomposite coatings compared to those of plain PU coatings. The decreased corrosion current was detected on the scratch of the PU-Pbz/ZrO2 nanocomposite-coated mild steel surface by scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) compared to other studied coatings. The superior anticorrosive and mechanical properties of the proposed nanocomposite coatings provide a new horizon in the development of high-performance anticorrosive coatings for various industries.

Design/methodology/approach

The Pbz functionalized ZrO2 nanoparticles were characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) in terms of the structural, morphological and thermal properties of these coatings. A different formulation of coatings such as PU, PU-Pbz, PU-ZrO2 and PU-Pbz/ZrO2 were prepared and investigated for their corrosion protection performance on mild steel in natural seawater by electrochemical techniques. The surface morphological studies were done by SEM/EDX and XRD analysis.

Findings

The superior anticorrosive property of the proposed nanocomposite coatings provides a new horizon in the development of high-performance anticorrosive coatings for various industries. Addition of Pbz wrapped ZrO2 nanoparticles into the PU coating resulted in the blockage of charge transfer at the metal/electrolyte interface, which reduced the dissolution of mild steel. It was revealed from the SEM/EDX analysis that the formation of the corrosion products at the metal/electrolyte interface behaved as the passive layer which reduced the dissolution of steel.

Originality/value

The inclusion of polybenzoxazine functionalized ZrO2 nanoparticles to the polyurethane coating reinforces the barrier and mechanical properties of PU-Pbz/ZrO2 nanocomposite, which is due to the synergistic effect of ZrO2 and Pbz.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The author thanks the Vice Chancellor Prof. S. Salivahanan and the Management of Vel Tech Rangarajan Dr Sagunthala R&D Institute of Science and Technology, Avadi, Chennai-600 062, Tamil Nadu, India, for their constant encouragement and constructive suggestions regarding this research.

Citation

Xavier, J.R. (2021), "Synergistic effect of polybenzoxazine/ZrO2 encapsulated polyurethane nanocomposite coatings for enhanced barrier properties of steel in seawater", Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/ACMM-06-2020-2338

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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