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Corrosion inhibition of bronze alloy B66 by 4-amino-3-methyl-1,2,4-triazole-5-thione in 3 per cent NaCl solution

Driss Chebabe (Faculty of Sciences – Chemistry, Université Ibn Tofail, Kénitra Morocco)
Ahmed Dermaj (Faculty of Sciences – Chemistry, Université Ibn Tofail, Kénitra Morocco)
Hamid Erramli (Faculty of Sciences – Chemistry, Université Ibn Tofail, Kénitra Morocco)
Najat Hajjaji (Faculty of Sciences – Chemistry, Université Ibn Tofail, Kénitra Morocco)

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials

ISSN: 0003-5599

Article publication date: 26 August 2014

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to study corrosion inhibition of Bronze alloy B66 by 4-amino-3-methyl-1,2,4-triazole-5-thione (MTSNH) in 3 per cent NaCl solution. Archaeological bronze artefacts often are stored or displayed in uncontrolled conditions and may suffer from dangerous active corrosion processes that can lead to their destruction. The most dangerous form of archaeological bronze degradation is due to a cyclic reaction that involves copper from the pure alloy and chlorine as a pathogenic agent. A protection treatment can be used to protect them from the corrosion environment and stabilise them to avoid further degradation during exhibition or storage. Starting from its initial assessment as a corrosion inhibitor for pure copper, nowadays benzotriazole (BTA) is in widespread use for the conservation of copper-based artefacts, but unfortunately, BTA is toxic and a suspected carcinogen. The development of new and safe protection systems would offer a choice of alternative products to conservation-restoration professionals for the effective and safe stabilization and protection of metal artefacts. In this investigation, a new organic compound, namely, MTSNH, was synthesized, characterized and tested as a corrosion inhibitor for Bronze B66 (similar to archaeological bronze) in 3 per cent NaCl solution using potentiodynamic polarization studies and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) at room temperature. It has been observed from the corrosion rate that the inhibition efficiency increased with increasing concentration of MTSNH. Potentiodynamic polarisation results revealed that the compound acted as a mixed-type inhibitor. Impedance studies indicated that protection occurs through adsorption of the inhibitor on the metal surface, with important modification to the mechanism of corrosion. Surface analysis was carried out using scanning electron microscopy scanning electron microscopy (SEM)/energy dispersive spectrometry (EDX) techniques to verify the electrochemical results.

Design/methodology/approach

The inhibition efficiency of MTSNH is investigated by potentiodynamic polarization, EIS and surface analysis.

Findings

The synthesized MTSNH act a good inhibitor in 3 per cent NaCl and inhibition efficiency increases with inhibitor concentration. Polarisation curves showed that the inhibitor is mixed. The EIS measurements showed that the inhibitor acted throughout the formation of film at the bronze surface. The surface analysis confirms this result.

Originality/value

The adsorption of the MTSNH on the metal surface can markedly change the corrosion resisting property of metal. Therefore, the study of the relation between adsorption and corrosion inhibiting is of a great importance.

Keywords

Citation

Chebabe, D., Dermaj, A., Erramli, H. and Hajjaji, N. (2014), "Corrosion inhibition of bronze alloy B66 by 4-amino-3-methyl-1,2,4-triazole-5-thione in 3 per cent NaCl solution", Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Vol. 61 No. 5, pp. 281-286. https://doi.org/10.1108/ACMM-05-2013-1265

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited