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Corrosion resistance of magnetoelectropolished AISI 316L SS biomaterial

Tadeusz Hryniewicz (Surface Electrochemistry Division, Koszalin University of Technology, Koszalin, Poland)
Krzysztof Rokosz (Surface Electrochemistry Division, Koszalin University of Technology, Koszalin, Poland)

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials

ISSN: 0003-5599

Article publication date: 25 February 2014




Corrosion resistance measurements were performed on AISI 316L stainless steel biomaterial samples after three types of treatments: abrasive finishing (MP), standard electropolishing (EP), and magnetoelectropolishing (MEP). The corrosion studies were carried out in Ringer's solution at a room temperature. Potentiodynamic plots obtained were the basis for the analysis of measurement accuracy and uncertainty with the statistical tests results done in Statistica 64/10 software. The results of corrosion studies indicate a significant difference in the breaking potential (Epit) values, dependent on surface treatment. The highest mean values have been obtained on samples after MEP (Epit=961 mV), much lower – after a standard electropolishing EP (Epit=525 mV), and the lowest – after the abrasive treatment MP (Epit=222 mV), all of them measured against a saturated calomel electrode SCE potential. The corrosion results obtained are well correlated with the nanoindentation measurement results (Young's modulus and nanohardness). The paper aims to discuss these issues.


The AISI 316L austenitic stainless steel samples served for the study. There were 11 (MP) and 14 (EP) samples used for each of the treatment, and 31 samples used for magnetoelectropolishing MEP. All polarization measurements were made after one hour immersion in the Ringer's solution. Statistical tests were used to treat the results obtained.


After magnetoelectropolishing MEP130, the pitting corrosion resistance is much better than that after abrasive polishing MP and/or a standard electropolishing EP130. It was proved on a big statistical sample that the pitting corrosion potential Epit after MEP130 is over 1.8 times higher than that after EP130 and over 4.3 times higher than that after MP. The results obtained are in good agreement with the nanoindentation measurement results.


This is an original study of the corrosion resistance of AISI 316L SS in Ringer's solution. The breaking potential Eb obtained is comparable with that of NiTi alloys, not reported anywhere before. The results have been well confirmed statistically (on 31 samples after MEP).



The authors acknowledge Professor (FH) Dipl.-Ing. Dr Heinz Duelli, Research Center for Microtechnology, Fachhochschule Vorarlberg, Dorbirn, Austria, for making available Röntgenfluoreszenz Materialanalyse RFS Apparatus+CCD-Spektrometer CDS and bulk chemical analysis of the Type AISI 316L stainless steel used in the studies.


Hryniewicz, T. and Rokosz, K. (2014), "Corrosion resistance of magnetoelectropolished AISI 316L SS biomaterial", Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Vol. 61 No. 2, pp. 57-64.



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