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Hydrogen failure sensitivity of A516-Gr70 and API 5L-X70 steels in sour environments

H Taheri (Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Kish University, Kish Island, Iran.)
A Dolati (Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.)
Behrooz Beidokhti (Department of Materials Science and Metallurgical Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.)

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials

ISSN: 0003-5599

Article publication date: 7 September 2015




This paper aims to clarify the corrosion behavior of two famous structural steels in sour environment. These steels have a vast application in oil and gas industries. The study aims to find the effect of different concentrations of sour solution on the origin of crack in these steels.


After preparation of specimens, different sour solutions were made using the synthetic brine (according to National Association of Corrosion Engineers [NACE], Technical Committee Report 1D182) and various amounts of Na2S.9H2O and CH3COOH. The polarization test was done by Potansiostat apparatus model Zahner-IM6 at two temperatures, 25°C and 50°C. The corrosion current densities were obtained from the polarization curves. Finally, the corrosion products and hydrogen-induced cracking (HIC) were investigated by Tescan Vega II XMU scanning electron microscope (SEM) linked to a Rontec energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) system.


API 5L-X70 steel showed smaller corrosion current values than A516-Gr70 steel. The HIC cracks propagated parallel to the surface of A516-Gr70 steel in three solutions and confirmed the inappropriateness of this steel for sour environment applications.


This paper studies the effect of sour environment on the behavior of two famous industrial steels at two temperatures by new method.



Taheri, H., Dolati, A. and Beidokhti, B. (2015), "Hydrogen failure sensitivity of A516-Gr70 and API 5L-X70 steels in sour environments", Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, Vol. 62 No. 5, pp. 294-300.



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