Robotic hand-arm system for on-orbit servicing missions in Tiangong-2 Space Laboratory
Article publication date: 26 September 2019
Issue publication date: 18 October 2019
The purpose of this study is to develop a robotic hand–arm system for on-orbit servicing missions at the Tiangong-2 (TG-2) Space Laboratory.
The hand–arm system is mainly composed of a lightweight arm, a dexterous hand, an electrical cabinet, a global camera, a hand–eye camera and some human–machine interfaces. The 6-DOF lightweight arm and the 15-DOF dexterous hand adopt the modular design philosophy that greatly reduces the design cycle and cost. To reduce the computational burden on the central controller and simplify system maintenance, an electrical system which has a hierarchical structure is introduced.
The prototypical operating experiments completed in TG-2 space laboratory demonstrate the performance of the hand–arm system and lay foundations for the future applications of space manipulators.
The main contributions of this paper are as follows a robotic hand–arm system which can perform on-orbit servicing missions such as grasping the electric drill, screwing the bolt, unscrewing J599 electrical connector has been developed; a variable time step motion plan method is proposed to adjust the trajectories of the lightweight arm to reduce or eliminate the collision force; and a dexterous hand uses the coordinated grasp control based on the object Cartesian stiffness to realize stable grasp. To solve the kinematic mapping from the cyber glove commands to the dexterous hand, a fingertip-position-based method is proposed to acquire precise solutions.
This research was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China under grant No. 2017YFB1300400.
Liu, Y., Cui, S., Liu, H., Jin, M., Ni, F., Li, Z. and Li, C. (2019), "Robotic hand-arm system for on-orbit servicing missions in Tiangong-2 Space Laboratory", Assembly Automation, Vol. 39 No. 5, pp. 999-1012. https://doi.org/10.1108/AA-02-2019-0022
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