Emergency vehicles should be planned to have smooth access to people's residences after a large scale disaster. This study proposes ANR, the Accessible Node Rate, which represents the ratio of the number of accessible nodes to total nodes in the network, as an indicator for evaluating the reliability of a local street network. Using the ANR, this study evaluates the urban districts of Nada Ward in Kobe City where the earthquake caused extensive damage, and proposes planning changes to provide the local street networks with higher reliability. Furthermore, in order to see if the ANR can be used for analyzing another city's reliability, a case study of Beppu City which is supposed to have the possibility of the same magnitude of earthquake, is examined. A system that supports traffic network editing and analysis for reducing the workload in a wider area is developed.
Li, Y. and Tsukaguchi, H. (2003), "Improving the Reliability of Street Networks in Highly Densely Populated Urban Areas", Bell, M.G.H. and Iida, Y. (Ed.) The Network Reliability of Transport, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 261-272. https://doi.org/10.1108/9781786359544-015Download as .RIS
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