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Micromobility – Regulatory Challenges and Opportunities

Shaping Smart Mobility Futures: Governance and Policy Instruments in times of Sustainability Transitions

ISBN: 978-1-83982-651-1, eISBN: 978-1-83982-650-4

Publication date: 13 August 2020


Shared, dockless micromobility is causing concern across the globe. The phenomenon started with shared bikes and e-bikes. More recently, e-scooters (or electric kickbikes), the focus of this chapter, have flooded cities in unprecedented speed and volume – and have caught virtually every city and competent authority off guard. The failure of current regulatory frameworks to address new challenges posed by e-scooters is explored. This chapter first briefly describes major developments of the shared e-scooter market. It then presents rationales for, and to some extent against, e-scooter regulation as well as policy tools available for e-scooter regulation. E-scooters open the door for new and innovative – and potentially efficient – ways to regulate, including geofencing, zoning, mandatory data sharing and mandatory cooperation. Against this backdrop, the chapter discusses regulatory dilemmas, challenges, opportunities and possibilities.




The research leading to this text was financed by the Research Council of Norway via the REGSMART project (project number: 283327); funding was also provided by an e-scooter knowledge-building project sponsored by Ruter, Bymiljøetaten, Helsedirektoratet and Statens vegvesen vegdirektoratet, from which one chapter in a research report (in Norwegian) will share some of the contents of this chapter. The author is grateful to Jørgen Aarhaug, Siri Hegna Berge and Espen Johnsson for useful discussions and helpful suggestions.


Fearnley, N. (2020), "Micromobility – Regulatory Challenges and Opportunities", Paulsson, A. and Sørensen, C.H. (Ed.) Shaping Smart Mobility Futures: Governance and Policy Instruments in times of Sustainability Transitions, Emerald Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 169-186.



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