This chapter attempts to study the long-term determinants of public and private healthcare expenditure in Hong Kong, by employing time series data over the period from 1990 to 2017. We find that income is not a determinant of either public or private spending per capita on healthcare services. Rather, a higher proportion of elderly will raise public expenditure on health and private spending even more. The share of children within the population will conversely decrease both public and private spending. Results also show that the rising density of doctors decreases both public and private per capita healthcare spending, showing that the supplier-induced demand problem is not an issue in Hong Kong.
The authors would like to thank the Public and Social Policy Research Centre, The Open University of Hong Kong, established with the support of a grant from the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (Project Reference Number UGC/IDS16/18), for supporting this work.
Cheung, E.C. and Ma, Y.C. (2021), "Long-term Determinants of Healthcare Expenditure in Hong Kong", Fung, M.K. and Sergi, B.S. (Ed.) Modeling Economic Growth in Contemporary Hong Kong (Entrepreneurship and Global Economic Growth), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 71-88. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-83909-936-620211001
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